梅洛 Merlot

2022-04-01

編按:入門紅酒 想認識紅酒界的大眾情人- 梅洛 Merlot,請看本文就對了哦!

梅洛在波爾多左岸常被當作卡本內蘇維翁的混釀好夥伴,在全世界的紅酒中產量是世界第一 (卡本內蘇維翁是種植最廣),她起源於法國波爾多右岸,雖然在左岸時她常與卡本內蘇維翁混釀當作圓潤酒體與增加柔和果香的角色,但在原生產地的右岸如波美侯(Pomerol)和聖愛美濃(Saint-Émilion)或其他地區,可是常常被當作主角甚至是以單一品種釀造,最出名的莫過於彼得綠堡 (Chateau Petrus) 了,證明她的品質絕非只能擔任配角,而是能撐起整瓶酒的完成度。

梅洛 Merlot

法國原生品種

作為法國的原生品種,梅洛是卡本內弗朗 (Cabernet Franc) 和另一種不是很知名的 Magdeleine Noire des Charentes 葡萄的後代,屬於相對比較早成熟的品種,皮薄,果肉飽滿多汁,相對較容易感染灰黴病等病害,喜生長在粘土以及石灰石土壤,釀出的酒單寧較低,酒體飽滿而柔和,並帶有成熟的紅色或黑色水果氣息,如李子、櫻桃、草莓、桑椹等,整體而言具有相當討喜的個性,讓她一路從法國延伸到義大利,然後到了美國、智利、阿根廷等美洲國家,目前則是世界各地大部份都有種植。

高市場接受度

梅洛因為單寧及酸度較低,且擁有豐沛柔美的果味的特點,在市場上的接受度很高,而且她也與許多料理都相當搭配,例如各式白肉類、帶有甜味的BBQ、烤雞等等,如果想開始嘗試喝紅酒,或是想送紅酒當作禮物、婚禮宴客的場合,都不妨可以先考慮這位「大眾情人」梅洛哦。

by Samdiva

延伸閱讀黑皮諾 Pinot Noir

延伸閱讀白蘇維翁 Sauvignon Blanc

延伸閱讀卡本內蘇維翁 Cabernet Sauvignon

Merlot [wiki] is a dark blue–colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. The name Merlot is thought to be a diminutive of merle, the French name for the blackbird, probably a reference to the color of the grape. Its softness and “fleshiness”, combined with its earlier ripening, makes Merlot a popular grape for blending with the sterner, later-ripening Cabernet Sauvignon, which tends to be higher in tannin.
Along with Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec and Petit Verdot, Merlot is one of the primary grapes used in Bordeaux wine, and it is the most widely planted grape in the Bordeaux wine regions. Merlot is also one of the most popular red wine varietals in many markets.This flexibility has helped to make it one of the world’s most planted grape varieties. As of 2004, Merlot was estimated to be the third most grown variety at 260,000 hectares (640,000 acres) globally.The area planted to Merlot has continued to increase, with 266,000 hectares (660,000 acres) in 2015.</>

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