白蘇維翁 Sauvignon Blanc

2022-04-01

編按:來認識世界上最廣泛釀造、最理想的的白葡萄酒範本:白蘇維翁 Sauvignon Blanc

白蘇維翁與夏多內同樣是世界上最廣泛釀造的白葡萄酒之一,也是許多人心中最理想的白酒範本-白蘇維翁(Sauvignon Blanc),源自於法國的羅亞爾河,果粒小,皮薄,屬於芳香型的白葡萄品種,釀造出的白葡萄酒有著清新爽口的酸度並帶著豐富的果香味。

白蘇維翁 Sauvignon Blanc

嚴苛的生長環境選擇

雖然在許多地方都有種植,但是白蘇維翁對生長的環境卻有些挑剔,首先白蘇維翁適應性較低,花芽易受寒害,也容易受到灰霉病等疾病侵害,需要生產者花比較多的心力來照顧,而且她對於生長的氣候也多有講究,雖然在很多氣候下都能生長,但是太熱的產區無法生產出優良的品質,過多的熱會導致葡萄過快熟成、糖度熟成太早,導致沒有良好的酸度與香氣,但是如果生長在日照不足的地方,容易出現帶有青草梗的澀味,這種澀味大多數人也視為不良的表現,因此表現最佳的產區,多是涼爽且日照充足的地方,例如法國的波爾多、羅亞爾河與紐西蘭的瑪爾堡(Marlborough)。

口感的特色

一般來說,白蘇維翁在釀造時會傾向於保留她原來的果香味而不會去做過多的修飾,品質優良的白蘇維翁通常帶有明顯但討喜的酸度、清新的口感與輕盈的酒體,香氣方面多以花香與果香為主,像萊姆、青蘋果、甜瓜、柑橘等,如果葡萄再熟成一些,則會帶有鳳梨、百香果、白桃、百香果等多汁或熱帶水果的感覺,而較著名的例外是在美國加利福尼亞州中央谷地被稱為 Fume Blanc的酒款,使用新的橡木桶陳年後會有明顯的木質與香草氣息,再經過瓶陳後會帶有蜂蜜、焦糖、烤麵包等的香氣,雖然降低了在果香上的表現,但提升了陳年潛力與複雜度。

by Samdiva

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Sauvignon blanc [wiki] a green-skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux region of France. The grape most likely gets its name from the French words sauvage (“wild”) and blanc (“white”) due to its early origins as an indigenous grape in South West France.[1] It is possibly a descendant of Savagnin. Sauvignon blanc is planted in many of the world’s wine regions, producing a crisp, dry, and refreshing white varietal wine. The grape is also a component of the famous dessert wines from Sauternes and Barsac. Sauvignon blanc is widely cultivated in France, Chile, Romania, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Bulgaria, the states of Oregon, Washington, and California in the US. Some New World Sauvignon blancs, particularly from California, may also be called “Fumé Blanc”, a marketing term coined by Robert Mondavi in reference to Pouilly-Fumé.
Depending on the climate, the flavor can range from aggressively grassy to sweetly tropical. In cooler climates, the grape has a tendency to produce wines with noticeable acidity and “green flavors” of grass, green bell peppers and nettles with some tropical fruit (such as passion fruit) and floral (such as elderflower) notes. In warmer climates, it can develop more tropical fruit notes but risks losing much aroma from over-ripeness, leaving only slight grapefruit and tree fruit (such as peach) notes.
Wine experts have used the phrase “crisp, elegant, and fresh” as a favorable description of Sauvignon blanc from the Loire Valley and New Zealand.Sauvignon blanc, when slightly chilled, pairs well with fish or cheese, particularly chèvre. It is also known as one of the few wines that can pair well with sushi.

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